A Greek style acropolis sits atop Calton Hill in Edinburgh. The 1829 National Monument which commemorates Scottish soldiers and sailors who died in the Napoleonic Wars, took its inspiration from the Parthenon in Athens. Many assumed that the structure was left unfinished due to lack of funds, but evidently the architects, William Cockerell and William Playfair, plans only portray the current twelve columns.
If you’re visiting Edinburgh when the weather is clear and dry you should take a walk, or drive, up Calton Hill for a closer look at the National Monument and the views of Edinburgh.
The National Monument on Calton Hill Edinburgh
View from Calton Hill towards Edinburgh Castle
The National Monument isn’t the only landmark on Calton Hill; you can climb the Nelson Monument for even better views of the surrounding city. The Nelson monument, completed in 1815, marks Admiral Nelson’s victory at the Battle of Trafalgar in 1805; appropriately it’s shaped like an inverted telescope.
National Monument & Nelson Monument on Calton Hill Edinburgh
The National Monument with the Forth Estuary on the horizon
The National Monument & the adjacent Nelson Monument
The Scottish philospher Dugald Stewart was commemorated by the construction of a monument in the 1830s.
Dugald Stewart Memorial on Calton Hill
Looking toward Arthur’s Seat from Calton Hill
If you’d prefer a more challenging ascent, you can walk up Arthur’s Seat for more great views over Edinburgh.
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